Lemon Cookies

A lemony twist on the perfect chocolate chip cookie!


ing

Assemble the ingredients to make sure you have everything. It's very frustrating to be halfway into a recipe and realize your missing something. It can also ruin your cookies if some of the mixtures sit at room temperature too long while you get the missing items.

flour

In a small bowl gently mix the flour, salt, and baking soda until the ingredients are evenly distributed.  Set aside.



Using the wire whisk attachment of a stand mixer, cream the butter and shortening on high until light and fluffy, 1-3 minutes. 


2 3/4 c (14.5 oz) flour
1 t baking soda
1 t salt
1/2 c (4 oz) unsalted butter at room temperature
1/2 c (4 oz) Crisco (plain or butter flavored, I prefer plain)
Mixing the flour allows the final dough to have an even distribution of ingredients without over-mixing it.

Beating the butter and shortening gives the dough a better rise in the oven, making the cookies lighter. Butter is good for taste and shortening is good to make the cookie softer.

sugar

Add both sugars and beat on high 1-2 minutes. Add eggs and vanilla. Beat until fully incorporated.

chchip

Switch to the paddle attachment.  Add the chocolate chips and mix gently.

final

Add the flour mixture and mix until just incorporated.  Do not overmix!


1 c (6.5 oz) light brown sugar
1 c minus 2 T (6.5 oz) white sugar
1 T citric acid
2 large eggs
1 T pure lemon extract
1 1/2 t vanilla
1 1/2 c (10 oz) white chocolate chips

Adding the chocolate chips at this point evenly distributes them without overmixing the final dough.  Do not over-mix or it will discolor the dough. 

This is the point when you no longer see white spots of flour.  Do not overmix! Over-mixing will ruin the cookies.  They will bake flatter and look greasy.  See the problem section for a picture of a very over-mixed cookie.

touch

Touch test the dough.  It should feel slightly sticky, but not much should stick to your finger.  If it is very sticky add flour 2T (.5 oz) at a time.

ball

Using your hands, roll the dough into balls 1.5 inches tall. (For bigger cookies see instructions below). Place on an ungreased cookie sheet 3 inches apart. 

freeze

Cover and refrigerate 30 minutes or until firm.  You can hold the dough up to two days in the refrigerator or up to 6 months in the freezer. 


You will be able to tell at this point if you have the fat/flour ratio right.
too little flour- it will stick to your hands when shaping it, forms a messy looking ball
just right- won't stick to your hands, but just barely, forms a smooth ball
too much flour- dough has to be forced into a ball, crumbly dough, rough looking ball

The same problems occur when over-handling the dough as over-mixing it.  They will bake flat and look greasy.  Handle the dough as little as possible while still shaping them properly.
 
To freeze, place the dough balls on a plate side by side cover and freeze at least an hour.  You can then bag them and they won't be stuck together when you take them out.

temp

As soon as you put the dough into the refrigerator, position the oven rack to the second highest setting. Preheat the oven to 375.

done

Remove the dough from the refrigerator and bake 8-10 minutes.  They are ready to come out of the oven when they are domed and puffy, show few signs of browning and look a bit underdone.

sheet

Leave the cookies on the cookie sheet for 2 minutes.

 
It takes most ovens much longer to preheat than when it beeps to tell you it's ready.  An oven thermometer is very helpful.  When my oven beeps, it’s usually 50-100 degrees too low.  It will ruin your cookies to bake them at the incorrect temperature.  My oven is also calibrated incorrectly.  I have to turn it to 415 degrees for it to actually be 375 degrees.

 Determining when they are done:
underdone- the are tall, shiny in the middle, pale in color, hard to transfer from the cookie sheet, fall through on the cooling rack
perfect- domed, puffy, show a few signs of browning, look a bit underdone but are not shiny on the top, hold together during transfer
overdone- flat, many brown spots, may break when transfering, hard and crispy when cooled

If they cook faster than 8 minutes the oven is too hot or the cookies are too small.  If they take longer than 10 minutes the oven is too cool or the cookies are too big.

It is important to wait 2 minutes before transferring them.  They continue to cook from the heat of the sheet without being over-cooked in the oven.  Also, they will hold together better and be less likely to fall in the middle if you wait.


cool

Remove them to a cooling rack so they will cool evenly. 

Wait ten minutes, then serve. 
Great with creamy vanilla ice cream and berry syrup!


Bigger Cookies

It was interesting to make the cookies bigger. They exterior was cracked like in problem cookie #9 below, but they had a perfect interior. The texture and consistency are just about the same as the smaller ones, but they look quite different.

 

Roll a large piece of dough into a ball, then gently flatten the top and bottom into a thick disc shape about 1.5 inches tall. Each dough ball was 2.5 oz compared to 1.5 oz in the smaller cookies.
It is very important to flatten the top and bottom or it will not bake evenly. (See problem cookie #7.)

Bake 6 cookies per sheet for 10 minutes. Remove from oven and let cool on sheet for 2 minutes.

 

 


Remove them to a cooling rack and cool completely.


Problems

prob

There are many variables in baking.  Pictured are cookies with various problems using the same dough (with flour adjustments in numbers 3 &4).
1.  This cookie is done just right. It is pictured to compare with the rest.
2.  This dough was not refrigerated.  It is still good but a little flatter than it should be.
3.  This dough contained too much flour and did not spread much at all. It is interesting to note that the dough looked identical to the correct dough, but was much stiffer and drier.
4.  This dough had too little flour.  It spread too much and didn’t bake evenly.
5.  This dough was over-mixed.  It had a poor color, baked flat and had a strange consistency.
6.  This dough was formed too small.  It was overcooked at eight minutes. It is fine to make smaller cookies, just bake them for less time.
7.  This dough was formed too large.  The outsides were done while the middle was too high and underdone.
8.  This dough was baked in an oven 25 degrees too hot.  The outside was overdone and the inside was slightly underdone.
9.  This dough was baked in an oven 25 degrees too cool.  It fell flat and became too crisp without much of an inside.
10.  This dough was frozen when baked.  It took longer to bake and didn’t cook as evenly.  


toomuch

The Problem with Measuring Cups

In these cookies I measured the shortening in a measuring cup rather than by a scale or by the package (Crisco sticks). When I later weighed how much shortening my 1/2 c measuring cups holds it was 1 oz too much. I have another 1/2 cup that measures 1 oz too little. As you can see the cookies baked flat and they tasted bad.

This could've been avoided had I used the same measuring cup each time or the more accurate way would've been to use crisco sticks every time instead of measuring cups.

The most accurate method is to weigh your ingredients. You will get consistent results each time.

toomuch2



The Problem with Flour

A lot of flour can be packed into a measuring cup. One cup is typically considered to be 5 oz. I ran a little test to weigh the differences in scooping flour.
I used the same measuring cup and the same bucket of flour. I put the measuring cup in, scooped out the flour, then leveled it with a knife. Here are the results:

Scoop #1: 5.4 oz
Scoop #2: 4.6 oz
Scoop #3: 5.5 oz
Scoop #4: 4.7 oz

The differences are in how hard I scooped it. I used a heavy hand in #3, and scooped lightly in #2. There was almost a full ounce difference in flour between the two. These differences can greatly effect how your cookies turn out.


Don't worry if they don't turn out. Write down exactly what you did and decide what you need to change the next time. Try it again soon so it is fresh in your memory.


Lemon Cookies

2 3/4 c (14.5 oz) flour
1 t (.2 oz) baking soda
1 t (.3 oz) salt
1 c (6.5 oz) light brown sugar
1 c minus 2 T (6.5 oz) white sugar
1 T citric acid
2 large eggs
1 T pure lemon extract
1 1/2 t vanilla
1 1/2 c (10 oz) white chocolate chips

1.
In a small bowl mix the flour, salt, and baking soda until the ingredients are (1)evenly distributed.  Set aside.

2. Using a wire whisk attachment of a stand mixer,  (2)cream the butter and shortening on high until light and fluffy 1-3 minutes.

3. Add both sugars and beat on high 1-2 minutes. Add eggs and vanilla. Beat until fully incorporated.

4. Switch to a paddle attachment.  (3)Add the chocolate chips and mix gently. 

5. Add the flour mixture and mix until (4)just incorporated. 

6. Touch test the dough.  It should feel slightly sticky, but not much should stick to your finger.  If it is very sticky add flour 2T (.5 oz) at a time.  If it is firm or dry, you have added too much flour and I don’t know a good way to reverse this.

7. Using your (6)hands, roll the dough into balls 1.5 inches tall (for bigger cookies see instructions below).  Place on an ungreased cookie sheet 3 inches apart. 

8. Cover and refrigerate 30 minutes or until firm.  You can hold the dough up to two days in the refrigerator or up to 6 months in the (6)freezer.

9. (7)15-20 minutes before baking, position the oven rack to the second highest setting. Preheat the oven to 375. 

10. Remove the dough from the refrigerator and bake (8)8-10 minutes.  They are ready to come out of the oven when they are domed and puffy, show few signs of browning and look a bit underdone. 

11. Leave the cookies on the cookie sheet for (9)2 minutes.  Remove them to a cooling rack so they will cool evenly.  Wait ten minutes, then serve your Perfect Chocolate Chip Cookie!


Notes
1.  Mixing the flour allows the final dough to have an even distribution of ingredients without over-mixing it.

2.  Beating the butter and shortening gives the dough a better rise in the oven, making the cookies lighter. Butter is good for taste and shortening is good to make the cookie softer.

3.  Adding the chocolate chips at this point evenly distributes them without overmixing the final dough.  Do not over-mix or it will discolor the dough. 

4.  This is the point when you no longer see white spots of flour.  Do not overmix! Over-mixing will ruin the cookies.  They will bake flatter and look greasy.  See the problem section for a picture of a very over-mixed cookie. 

5.  You will be able to tell at this point if you have the fat/flour ratio right.
not enough flour- it will stick to your hands when shaping it, forms a messy looking ball
just right- won't stick to your hands, but just barely, forms a smooth ball
too much flour- dough has to be forced into a ball, crumbly dough, rough looking ball

6.  The same problems occur when over-handling the dough as over-mixing it.  They will bake flat and look greasy.  Handle the dough as little as possible while still shaping them properly.
 
7.   To freeze, place the dough balls on a plate side by side cover and freeze at least an hour.  You can then bag them and they won’t be stuck together when you take them out.

8.  It takes most ovens much longer to preheat than when the oven tells you it’s ready.  I have an oven thermometer which is very helpful.  When my oven beeps telling me it’s ready, it’s usually 50-100 degrees too low.  It will ruin your cookies to bake them at the incorrect temperature.  My oven is also calibrated incorrectly.  I have to turn it to 415 degrees for it to actually be 375 degrees.

9.  Determining when they are done:
underdone- the are tall, shiny in the middle, pale in color, hard to transfer from the cookie sheet, fall through on the cooling rack
perfect- domed, puffy, show a few signs of browning, look a bit underdone but are not shiny on the top, hold together during transfer
overdone- flat, many brown spots, may break when transfering, hard and crispy when cooled
If they cook faster than 8 minutes the oven is too hot or the cookies are too small.  If they take longer than 10 minutes the oven is too cool or the cookies are too big.

10.  It is important to wait this 2 minutes.  They continue to cook from the heat of the sheet without being over-cooked in the oven.  Also, they will hold together better and be less likely to fall in the middle if you wait.


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